Xanthan gum is a sugar-like compound made by mixing aged (fermented) sugars with a certain kind of bacteria.
WHAT IS THE CHEMICAL FORMULA?
C = Carbon H= Hydrogen O = Oxygen
Xanthan gum is produced by natural fermentation of corn, soy, wheat, or cabbage. The bacteria digest the sugars in these vegetables and produce a complex sugar polymer. Alcohol is added to make it drop out of solution. The xanthan gum is then dried and converted into a powder that can be used in food and other products.
A little video showing how Xanthan Gum can thicken water
Ooh you have to love a Chef - see how Xanthan Gum is used in cooking as a natural thickening agent. Good enough to eat, thumbs up for a cleaning product.