Dictionary of Big/Scientific Words

Under Your Sink reference of terms:

ammonia-soda process: common salt, sodium chloride, is treated with ammonia and then carbon dioxide, under carefully controlled conditions, to form sodium bicarbonate and ammonium chloride. When heated, the bicarbonate yields sodium carbonate, the desired product; the ammonium chloride is treated with lime to produce ammonia for reuse and calcium chloride. (Britannica, n.d.)

Sodium which is an alkali metal, exists in numerous minerals such as rock salt, but must be prepared. You just can’t go down to the lake and grab yourself some Sodium, it needs to be processed.

Citrate is a derivative of citric acid

Oxidizing Agent means a chemical species that undergoes a chemical reaction that removes one or more electrons from another atom.

Polyvinyl Alcohol (PVA) is a water soluble synthetic polymer

Synthetic is made by humans

Polymer is a large molecule with many parts

CAS REGISTRYSM is the most authoritative collection of disclosed chemical substance information, containing more than 133 million organic and inorganic substances and 67 million sequences.

Surfactants compounds that lower the surface tension between 2 liquid or between a solid and a liquid.

Alcohol:  Compounds in which a hydroxy group, –OH, is attached to a saturated carbon atom R3COH. The term ‘hydroxyl’ refers to the radical species, HO.

Ethoxylated: is a chemical reaction in which ethylene oxide adds to a substrate.

Propoxylated: it appears it’s a chemical reaction in which Propylene Oxide.

Propenoic Acid is also known as Acrylic Acid which is produced from propylene. Propylene is a by-product of ethylene & gas production (ie propene gas)

Telemor this apparently is like the little plastic things on your shoelace to stop it fraying – accept its on your DNA to stop it fraying.

Sodium Hydrogen sulphite is also known as (sodium bisulfited) which is naturally found on earth when a volcano erupts and is found on Venus. Its produced by the combustion of the element sulphur.

Ethylene (Ethene) C2H4: This is an organic chemical principal produced to create polymers and other chemicals. Its produced through a steam cracking process of natural gas.

Propylene C3H6: Another organic compound also known as methyl ethylene. It’s found in nature as a by-product of the vegetation and fermentation process. Can depress the central nervous system and excessive exposure can lead to sedation, amnesia & coma.

Oxide a chemical compound that contains at least oxygen atom E.g. water H2O

Copolymer When two or more different monomers unite together to polymerize, their result is called a copolymer and the process is called copolymerization.

Monomers: a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to form a polymer.

Polymer: are large molecules made up of long chains or networks of smaller molecules called monomers.


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