How Xanthan Gum is made

How Xanthan Gum is made

Xanthan gum is produced through a natural fermentation process involving bacteria.

 

How xanthan gum is made:

1. Bacterial Strain Selection:

he process begins by selecting a suitable strain of bacteria that has the capability to produce xanthan gum. The most used bacterium for this purpose is Xanthomonas campestris.

 

2. Fermentation:

The selected bacteria are cultivated in a nutrient-rich medium containing carbohydrates (usually glucose or sucrose) and other essential nutrients. The bacteria consume the carbohydrates and undergo fermentation, producing xanthan gum as a by product.

 

3. Production

As the bacteria consume the carbohydrates, they produce xanthan gum molecules as part of their natural metabolic processes. Xanthan gum is a complex polysaccharide consisting of repeating sugar units linked together.

 

4. Harvesting

Once the fermentation process is complete, the culture is harvested. This involves separating the bacterial cells from the liquid medium containing the xanthan gum.

 

5. Purification

The harvested mixture undergoes several purification steps to separate the xanthan gum from the bacterial cells, remaining nutrients, and other impurities. This often involves filtration, centrifugation, and other separation techniques.

 

6. Drying

The purified xanthan gum solution is then concentrated and dried to create a powdered form. This dried powder is the final product that is commonly used in various applications.

 

The results

The resulting xanthan gum powder is a highly efficient thickener, stabilizer, and emulsifier due to its unique structure. It forms a gel-like substance when mixed with water and provides viscosity and texture to a wide range of products, from food to cosmetics to industrial applications. Xanthan gum's versatility and natural origin make it a popular choice in both commercial and DIY formulations.

 

You can buy XANTHAN GUM here in plastic free packaging with Australia wide delivery.

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